Changing the UK’s automotive approach – is this the end of petrol and diesel cars?
This week the Government set out more of its strategy for phasing out the sale of polluting cars, vans and trucks and encouraging more sustainable transport choices. It published four new documents including two consultations and two plans. In our recent Hyundai Ioniq 5 review, we set-out the changes identified in a key document which addressed two major elements including:
- 2030 the end of sale for all new petrol/diesel cars;
- 2035 all new cars to have zero tailpipe emissions
At a higher-level, the Government also produced a multi-model framework for the UK’s automotive setup.
This de-carbonisation report is available here.
Breaking down some of the key facets for our specific industry, you can see some fundamental changes which includes:
- 100% of the Government car and van fleet will be zero emission by 2027.
- The Government will take action to increase average road vehicle occupancy by 2030.
- It will publish guidance for local authorities on support for shared car ownership.
- Supporting car clubs to go fully zero emission.
- Consulting on a Mobility as a Service Code of Practice.
- Reducing the barriers to data sharing across the transport sector.
- Exploring the introduction of a new sustainable travel reward scheme.
- Encourage and support UK businesses to lead the way in taking action to reduce emissions from their employees’ travel journeys through “Commute Zero”.
- Publish a Future of Transport: Rural Strategy.
- Publish a Local Authority Toolkit in 2021, providing sustainable transport guidance.
- Embed transport decarbonisation principles in spatial planning and across transport policymaking.
- Create at least one zero-emission transport city and four industrial ‘Super Places’.
- Develop a strategy for low carbon fuels, from now until 2050
- Explore hydrogen’s role in a decarbonised transport system, publishing a strategy in Summer 2021
While there have been lots of dates mentioned, you will see that the cars are being “phased-out” with a view that from (not by) 2030 cars are required to have significant zero emission capabilities. It is only by 2035 that zero emissions from tailpipes becomes mandatory on all vehicles i.e. pure EV. As a result, it is not an automatic end to petrol (and diesel) but it is a significant move which will change customer and manufacturer attitudes.
This is already evident with what has been happening across many new car manufacturers with a plethora of mild hybrid, self-charging hybrid and plug-in hybrid models now available. Not every customer is ready to go for an electric car, just yet, so these are seen a gateway/pathway route to full electrification. The hybrid options have zero external charging requirements (i.e. you don’t plug them into a home or public charging unit).
These are very much small lithium-ion batteries which either assist the engine or allow for slight independent electric motoring. There are no charging cables involved. In contrast, a PHEV has a slighter larger battery which allows for longer electric-only driving; some vehicles allow for 15-25 miles of EV driving. Unlike a hybrid, the PHEV does require a home charging unit (or 3-pin plug) in order to effectively charge. The “safety” of the combustion engine is there should the battery run out of charge and so for many customers this offers a half-way house. There are some in the EV world who not agree with this, particularly when it is alleged that some PHEVs are returned from leasing contracts with the cables still in the packet.
Is there any reason not to consider an Electric Vehicle (EV)?
So is there a reason not to go for an EV? Many of the generic obstacles (price/range/charge points) are being removed fairly rapidly. There is now an abundant of choice for EVs including both cost-effective and luxury models, many of which have ranges suitable for many personal and business EV customers. However, there are still some legitimate concerns which may prevent ALL the UK from going into an EV in 2021 and onwards.
For some customers covering 25/30,000 miles per annum (or more) there is a higher requirement on charging sessions, particularly where the vehicle’s range falls below 250 miles on a full charge. This is even more apparent where a customer does not have home or workplace charging solution which allows them to regularly trickle charge the car. While Zap Map is available as the UK’s best charge point finder, it is clear that rapid charge solutions are not available everywhere.
Should a lengthy commute not allow access to sufficient charge points, there are reasons as to why an EV should not be appropriate. However, with the reducing costs for an EV now that economies of scale come into place and growing choice of options, specifications and battery sizes, it is now far easier to enjoy an electric car.
In terms of the car shown, the Kia EV6 Electric Estate 166kW GT Line S 77.4kWh 5Dr Auto, this is based on the following configuration:
- Steel Matte Grey Premium Paint
- Suede/Vegan leather – Black/white
- 20″” Black alloy wheels
- Heat pump
As standard the car included 12.3″” Curved driver display screen, 12.3″” Curved touchscreen navigation, 360 degree around view monitor, 60:40 split remote folding rear seats, Ambient lighting, Apple car play/Android Auto with voice control, Augmented reality head up display, Auto dimming rear view mirror.
Blind-spot collision avoidance assist (BCA) with Rear cross traffic assist (RCTA), Bluetooth, Driver power adjusted memory seat with front passenger power seat with 2-way electric seat, Dual LED headlights with adaptive driving beam, air conditioning, Electrically folding/adjustable/heated door mirrors with LED indicators.
Engine Start/Stop Button with Smart Entry System, Forward Collision Avoidance (FCA) – Junction crossing, Front parking sensors, Heated front seats, LED daytime running lights, Lane keep assist, Meridan premium sound system with 14 speakers and active sound design (ASD), Outer 2nd row heated seats.
Panoramic sunroof with tilting and sliding function, Navigation based smart cruise control with stop and go functionality, Rear parking sensors, Rear privacy glass, Rear spoiler with LED high mounted brake light, Reversing camera with dynamic guide lines, Parking collision avoidance assist (PCA), Smart power tailgate, Wireless Mobile Phone Charger
On the technical-side company car and business users can note the P11d at £49,915.00 and CO2 at 0g/km. In terms of performance, the Kia EV6 delivers 162mph, 0-62 times of 3.5 seconds and 577ps. In terms of charging, the EV6 can charge at a max 11kW AC and 250kW DC (rapid charging). In terms of range, the Kia offers a winter range if 205 miles and 275 miles in Summer (overall range around 250 miles on a full charge).
In terms of AC charging on the Kia EV6, please see below:
In terms of DC rapid charging on the Kia EV6, please see below: